Aviation Watch Outs
As part of risk management, especially during high activity fires, each aviation manager and employee should be asking questions about every mission.
- Is the flight necessary?
- Who is in charge?
Are hazards identified and known?
- Have flight hazards been assessed? Have the pilots been informed?
Should the operation or the flight be stopped due to a change in conditions? Consider the following:
- Radio communications.
- Environmental conditions – weather, visibility, terrain, elevation, temperatures.
- Mission priorities.
- Successful mission completion probabilities.
- Is there a better way to complete the mission?
- Is there pressure to complete a mission at all costs?
- Can you justify your actions?
Is the mission airspace confined or congested?
- Multiple aircraft.
- Mixed types of aircraft.
- Poor visibility.
- Do you have an escape route?
- Are any guidelines or policies being ignored?
- Is communication between any individuals strained or tense?
- Are you deviating from the assigned operation or flight?
Incident Management Situation Report (IMSR)
10 Standard Firefighting Orders, PMS 110
18 Watch Out Situations, PMS 118
10 & 18 Poster, PMS 110-18
NWCG Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book)
Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center