Data Standards, Approved

NWCG data standards (data element and geospatial data layer) provide specifications that enable the common usage of data across wildland fire information systems.  For more information click on one of the following lists:

Approved Data Standards

The NWCG Data Standards and Terminology Subcommittee has approved the following data standards. Detailed information regarding each standard is available by clicking on the data standard name.

View:  All Approved Data Standards  |  Only Approved Data Element Standards  |  Only Approved Geospatial Data Layer Standards

 

Data Standard Description Approved Date Version Data Standard Type
Aviation Hazards (Point, Line, Polygon)

These 5 geospatial data layers capture physical features that may present a hazard to pilots during aviation operations.

04/12/2017 2 Geospatial Data Layer
Country Code

This standard adopts the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard for two-letter country codes.

10/10/2002 1 Data Element
Country Subdivision Code

This standard adopts the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard for country subdivision codes of up to three alpha-numeric characters. This standard replaces the NWCG State Code standard. [validated: 6/10/2010]

6/10/2010 1 Data Element
County Code

This standard adopts the Federal Information Process Standards (FIPS) publication 6-4 for representation of counties and equivalent entities as a three-digit code. [validated: 4/20/2009]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Date

This data standard specifies a standard format for calendar date. [validated: 7/30/2002]

7/30/2002 1 Data Element
Employment Category

The type of employment appointment or agreement under which a person is hired. [validated: 5/6/2004]

5/6/2004 1 Data Element
Event Kind & Category

This data standard specifies general, high-level codes and descriptions to be used in categorizing the types of incidents and planned events to which the interagency wildland fire community responds. [validated: 6/15/2004]

6/15/2004 1 Data Element
Final Fire Acre Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the measure of acres within the final perimeter of a fire. [validated: 7/11/2008]

7/11/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Initial Action Date & Time

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the date and time that initial action was taken by the first resources to arrive at a fire. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Report Approver Name

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the name of the person that approved the fire report. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Report Provider Name

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the name of the person that provided the data for the fire report. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Reporting Agency Unit Identifier

This data standard adopts the NWCG Unit Identifier data standard to identify the agency preparing a fire report. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Resource Kind, Category & Type

This data standard provides standard formats and definitions for a three-tier classification (kind and type) of operational resources available to respond to a fire. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Size Class

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for classifying a fire into one of several ranges of fire size based on the number of acres within the final fire perimeter. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
FireCode

This data standard specifies the standard format and rules for FireCode, a code used within the interagency wildland fire community to track and compile cost information for emergency fire suppression expenditures. [validated: 5/18/2005]

5/18/2005 1 Data Element
Frequency Use Designator

This data standard provides a standard list of designators for the kind of communications that will occur on an assigned radio frequency. [validated: 3/8/2004]

3/8/2004 1 Data Element
Fuels Treatments (polygon)

The Fuels Treatments (polygon) data layer represents the area(s) of unique fuels treatments during a single timeframe. each treatment may be made up of multiple polgons. [Validated 9/9/2014]

9/9/2014 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Geographic Area (GA) Code & Name

This data standard provides a code and name for each of the wildland fire geographic areas. [validated: 2/16/2006]

2/16/2006 1 Data Element
Geographic Area Coordination Center (GACC) Code & Name

This data standard provides a code and name for each of the wildland fire geographic area coordination centers. [validated: 5/21/2015]

5/21/2015 2 Data Element
Geographic Coordinating Area (GCA) Code & Name

This data standard provides a code and name for each of the wildland fire geographic coordinating areas. [validated: 5/21/2015]

5/21/2015 2 Data Element
Horizontal Datum Code

This data standard provides a code and name for each of the point coordinate reference systems used within the interagency wildland fire community. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
Incident Name

This data standard provides a standard format for storing the name of an incident. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
Incident Personnel Fatality Quantity

This data standard provides a standard definition and format for the total number of deaths of personnel assigned to an incident. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
Incident Personnel Injury & Illness Quantity

This data standard provides a standard definition and format for the total number of reportable occupational injuries and illnesses that occurred in conjunction with an incident. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
Initial Fire Strategy Met Indicator

This data standard provides a standard format for indicating whether the objectives of the initial fire strategy used on a fire were attained. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Initial Response Resource Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the total number of fire resources (by kind, category, and type) used during initial response. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Latitude

This data standard specifies a standard format for latitude. [validated: 12/15/2006]

12/15/2006 1 Data Element
Local Fire Report Identifier

This data standard specifies the standard format and rules for a number or code that uniquely identifies an incident report for a particular reporting unit and a particular calendar year. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Local Incident Identifier

This data standard specifies the standard format and rules for a number or code that uniquely identifies an incident for a particular local fire management organization within a particular calendar year. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Longitude

This data standard specifies a standard format for longitude. [validated: 12/15/2006]

12/15/2006 1 Data Element
Management Complexity Level Designator

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for identifying the highest management level utilized to manage a wildland fire event. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
National Fire Danger Adjective Class Rating

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for describing the potential initiation, spread, and difficulty of control of wildfires in an area. [validated: 7/6/2009]

7/2/2009 1 Data Element
National Fire Danger Rating System Fuel Model

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for identifying the NFDRS Fuel Model representing the predominant fuel bed across a fire area. [validated: 7/6/2009]

7/2/2009 1 Data Element
Other Structures Destroyed Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the total number of structures, other than residences, destroyed as a result of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Other Structures Threatened Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the total number of structures, other than residences, threatened by a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Accuracy Descriptor

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for describing the methods used to determine the certainty and precision of the fire location at the point of origin. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Aspect Code

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for describing the direction toward which the predominate slope faces at the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
Point of Origin County Code

This data standard adopts the NWCG County Code data standard for identifying the county or equivalent entity at the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Datum

This data standard adopts the proposed NWCG Horizontal Datum data standard for identifying the datum associated with the coordinates of the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Fire Intensity Level

This data standard provides a standard code and definition for expressing the fire intensity during the initial response. [validated: 7/6/2009]

7/2/2009 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Land Owner Kind & Category

This data standard adopts the NWCG Land Owner Kind & Category data standard for identifying the owner at the point of origin at the time of an incident. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Latitude

This data standard adopts the NWCG Latitude data standard for identifying the latitude location of the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 7/21/2008]

7/21/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Longitude

This data standard adopts the NWCG Longitude data standard for identifying the longitude location of the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 7/21/2008]

7/21/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Responsible Agency Unit Identifier

This data standard adopts the NWCG Unit Identifier data standard to identify the agency with primary fire protection responsibility at the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Point of Origin Slope

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the typical slope in the immediate vicinity of the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 12/17/2012]

12/17/2012 1 Data Element
Point of Origin State Code

This data standard adopts the NWCG State Code data standard to identify the state or equivalent entity at the point of origin of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Position Code & Position Title

This data standard provides a code (mnemonic) and title for each position used in incident management response. [validated: 2/15/2005; updated: 12/17/2018]

12/17/2018 2 Data Element
Prescribed Fire Escape Indicator

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for indicating whether a wildfire resulted from an escaped prescribed fire. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Primary Weather Station Identifier

This data standard adopts the NWCG NFDRS Weather Station Standards six-digit identifiers for identifying the NFDRS weather station best representing weather and climate conditions for an incident site at the time of initial response. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Residences Destroyed Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the total number of residences destroyed, or damaged to an extent requiring rebuilding, as a result of a fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Residences Threatened Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for reporting the total number of residences threatened by the fire. [validated: 7/21/2008]

7/21/2008 1 Data Element
Special Land Designator

This data standard provides a standard format and definitions for identifying officially designated special land types within a fire perimeter. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
State and Land Owner Final Fire Acre Quantity

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the measure of acres of land belonging to a specified owner within a fire perimeter within a state. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Time Point (Time of Day)

This data standard adopts the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard for representing time of day. [validated: 4/15/2008]

4/11/2008 1 Data Element
Unique Fire Identifier

This data standard provides a standard format and rules for a unique identifier assigned to each wildland fire. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Unique Fire Report Identifier

This data standard provides a standard format and rules for a code that uniquely identifies a particular fire report. [validated: 6/16/2008; next validation: 12/31/2013]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Unit Identifier

This data standard specifies the standard format and rules for Unit Identifier, a code used within the wildland fire community to uniquely identify a particular government organizational unit. [validated: 12/18/2012]

1/15/2005 1 Data Element
Wildland Fire Locations (point)

Wildland Fire Location Points represent the final spatial locations of the fire occurrences. Fire occurrences represent the ignition points (preferred), the polygon centroids, or more generalized locations (least desirable) when the ignition points are not known or not available. [Validated 9/9/2014]

9/9/2014 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Fire Perimeters (polygon)

Wildland Fire Perimeter Polygons geospatial data layer standard provides the standard template for exchange/transfer of wildland fire perimeter polygons, representing the daily and final perimeters for wildfires and prescribed fires. Replaces the Fire History (polygons) geospatial data layer standard (archived) and incorporates the Daily Fire Perimeter geospatial data layer standard (archived). [Validated 9/9/2014]

9/9/2014 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Urban Interface Indicator

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for indicating if the presence of Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) influenced the cost, strategy, or management of a wildfire. [validated: 12/1/2009]

12/1/2009 1 Data Element
Date-Time

The combination of date and time elements.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Estimated Containment Date

Create a data standard to describe the data element for estimated date a wildfire will be contained.

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Forest Service Job Code

A code used to indicate the Forest Service job accounting code for the incident. This is specific to the Forest Service, and is usually displayed as two-character prefix on the FireCode.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Forest Service Assisted Indicator

Indicates if the Forest Service provided assistance on an incident outside their jurisdiction.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Geographic Area Coordination Center Boundaries (polygon)

Geographic boundary polygons depicting the administrative area of the Geographic Area Coordination Centers

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
ICS 209 Remarks

Create a data standard that describes additional information pertinent to the incident management. (ICS Block 47)

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
ICS 209 Report Date Time

Create a data standard that describes the date and time of the latest approved ICS-209 report.

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
ICS 209 Report For Time Period From

Create a data standard that describes the date and time of the beginning of the time period for the current ICS209 submission. (ICS Block 11)

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
ICS 209 Report For Time Period To

Create a data standard that describes the date and time of the end of the time period for the current ICS209 submission. (ICS Block 11)

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Wildland Fire Event Line

The Wildland Fire Event Line data standard will define the minimum attributes necessary for collection, storage and dissemination of incident based data on wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed fires). The standard is not intended for long term data storage, rather a standard to assist in the creation of incident based data management tools, minimum standards for data exchange, and to assist users in meeting NWCG Standards for Geospatial Operations, PMS 936, guidance on incidents.

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Initial Latitude and Longitude

The location coordinates pair for the latitude and longitude values corresponding to the initial reported point of origin specified in decimal degrees.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Predictive Services Area Boundaries (polygon)

Geographic boundary polygons depicting the extent of the Predictive Services Area Boundary

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Fire Dispatch Area Boundaries (polygon)

Geographic boundary polygons depicting the administrative area of the Wildland fire Dispatch Areas

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Fire Dispatch Office Location (point)

Geographic location point depicting the administrative location of the Dispatch Centers

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Urban Interface (polygon)

The wildland urban interface (WUI) geospatial data standard defines minimum attribution for interagency collaboration and data sharing.

2/21/2017 1.1 Geospatial Data Layer
Fire Resource Status

Indicates if the resource record being submitted or updated is an initial response resource or daily resource record.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
ICS 209 Report Status

Create a data standard that describes the version of the 209 report (initial, update, or final). There should never be more than one initial report, but there can be numerous updates, and even multiple finals (as determined by business rules).

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Incident Commander Name

The first (optional) and last name of the Incident Commander(s) currently assigned to the incident.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Incident Short Description

Create a data standard that describes the general descriptive location of the incident such as the number of miles from an identifiable town. (ICS Block 25)

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Projected Incident Activity

Create a data standard that describes an estimate of the direction in which the incident is expected to spread, migrate or expand in the next 12, 49, and 72 hour time frames.

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Fire Containment Date & Time

This standard provides a standard format and definition for the date and time a wildfire was declared contained.

7/21/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Control Date & Time

This standard provides a standard format and definition for the date and time a wildfire was declared under control. [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Discovery Date & Time

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the date and time a fire was discovered or confirmed to exist. [validated: 4/10/2008]

4/10/2008 1 Data Element
Fire Out Date & Time

This data standard provides a standard format and definition for the date and time when a fire is declared "out". [validated: 6/16/2008]

6/16/2008 1 Data Element
Initial Fire Strategy Designator

This data standard provides a standard format and definition of the fire strategy initially used on a wildland fire. [validated: 8/15/2008]

8/18/2008 1 Data Element
Landowner Kind & Category

This data standard provides a two-tier classification (kind and category) of landownership. [validated: 8/25/2016]

08/25/2016 1 Data Element
State Code

This data standard has been superseded by the Country Subdivision Code standard.

7/30/2002 1 Data Element
Significant Events

Create a data standard that describes the observed fire behavior or significant incident events for the current reporting period. (ICS Block 28)

3/18/2019 1 Data Element
Weather Concerns

A field collected in the ICS 209 containing a brief summary of how the current weather is affecting the incident and how the anticipated weather will affect the incident.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Wildland Fire Event Point

The Wildland Fire Event Point data standard will define the minimum attributes necessary for collection, storage and dissemination of incident based data on wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed fires). The standard is not intended for long term data storage, rather a standard to assist in the creation of incident based data management tools, minimum standards for data exchange, and to assist users in meeting NWCG Standards for Geospatial Operations, PMS 936, guidance on incidents.

 

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Wildland Fire Event Polygon

The Wildland Fire Event Polygon data standard will define the minimum attributes necessary for collection, storage and dissemination of incident based data on wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed fires). The standard is not intended for long term data storage, rather a standard to assist in the creation of incident based data management tools, minimum standards for data exchange, and to assist users in meeting NWCG Standards for Geospatial Operations, PMS 936, guidance on incidents.

2/21/2017 1 Geospatial Data Layer
First Name

The first name of the resource as it appears on a government issued ID. Applies only to overhead resources.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Created By System

Username of system that created the record.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Created On Date Time

Date/time that the record was created.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Secondary Phone

Individual’s secondary phone.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Primary Phone

Individual’s primary phone.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Primary Email

Individual’s primary email.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Modified On Date Time

Date/time that the record was last modified.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Middle Name

The middle name of the resource as it appears on a government issued ID. Applies only to overhead resources.

2/23/2020 Data Element
Modified By System

Username of system that modified the record.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Last Name

The last name of the resource as it appears on a government issued ID. Applies only to overhead resources.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Forest Service Override Code

A code used to indicate the Forest Service override code for the incident.  This is specific to the Forest Service, and is usually displayed as a four-character suffix on FireCode.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Point of Origin State

The State alpha code identifying the state or equivalent entity at point of origin.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Resource Quantity Current as of Date Time

The date and time that reflects the period for which the resource counts are current.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Capacity

The capacity in which the overhead resource is qualified to perform a position. May also be used to define how the resource performed on a specific incident. In both cases the capacity is defined as “trainee” or “qualified”.

03-31-2020 1 Data Element
Evaluation

A description of how the resource performed on an incident. The evaluation is focused on the specific capacity the resource was required to perform.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Evaluation Comments

Text description of the evaluator’s comments.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Evaluation Timestamp

The date/time the trainee experience was evaluated.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Experience From Date

The time, in epoch milliseconds, when the Experience began.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Experience To Date

The time, in epoch milliseconds when the Experience ended.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Fulfillment Comment

Communication about the request and fulfilling that request.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Fulfillment Status

Indicates the state of the request.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Home Dispatch Unit

The NWCG Unit Identifier of the center primarily responsible for dispatching the resource.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Is Location Tracking Enabled

A status flag indicating whether a resource's location (geometry object/shape) is being updated by a real-time GPS tracking such as AVL (Automated Vehicle Locator).

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Is Primary Capability

Indicates that the capability is the primary capability for the equipment or aircraft.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Is Quarantined

Indicates whether a resource is potentially in conflict with another resource of the same kind, based on the overhead conflict detection rules.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Is Valid

A status flag indicating whether a resource is valid for use in Initial Response. Invalid resources should be removed from the data stream.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
General Status

Indicates whether the resource is available or unavailable to fill a capability request.

10/30/2019 1 Data Element
Tail Number

The numerical identification of an aircraft, also known as the registration number for an aircraft, as displayed on the aircraft's tail section.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Serial Number

A set of numbers that is put on equipment by the manufacturer so that each has a different number and can be recognized.   

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Selection Area

Indicates the dispatch center inside/outside the current dispatch center for which resources are being requested.  

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Resource SOR

The IRWIN username of the system that currently is the System of Record for the resource and the capabilities for that resource.   

2/23/2020 1
Owner Vendor

The name of the vendor that is providing a contract resource for an incident.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Operational Status

Describes the status of the resource as they are utilized by an incident.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Operational Name

The CURRENT common operational reference to a Resource, the name of the resource and/or call sign. This value will be updated for equipment, crews, modules and teams based on how the resource is currently being utilized through a filled request.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Manager Contact Info

Contact information for the manager of the resource. For use in duplicate resolution and also transferring resources from one SOR (system of record) to another. Based on the Resource SOR, this information would be the person who is responsible for certifying that this resource meets the requirements for the Type, Kind and Category.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Location Timestamp

The date/time for the resource’s last known position

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
License Plate Number

The vehicle’s license plate number for purposes of identifying equipment.

2/23/2020 1 Data Element
Water Source

The Engine Water Sources data standard includes definition of a point feature class for storing information in support of fire-related operations. This layer provides information about the locations, capacity, type, etc. of water sources that may be used for firefighting purposes.

08-13-2020 1 Geospatial Data Layer
Initial Attack Frequency Zone (Polygon)

Polygons depicting areas in which FAA/DOI/USDA annually assign initial attack frequencies for incident needs.

08-13-2020 1 Geospatial Data Layer

Page Last Modified / Reviewed: 
2020-05-13