NWCG Glossary of Wildland Fire, PMS 205

This glossary provides the wildland fire community a single source for wildland fire and incident management terminology commonly used by the NWCG and its subgroups.

Glossary entries related to Organizations, IT Applications, and NWCG Positions have been removed from the glossary based on term inclusion criteria. For more information about the glossary and the criteria, see the About the NWCG Glossary page or the NWCG User Guide for the Glossary of Wildland Fire, PMS 937.

Reference Definitions

Some of the terms within this glossary will be followed by initials or will have references or comments at the end of the definition to help broaden the recognition and understanding of the term. An explanation of those references is as follows:

Also called: Means there is another term that may sometimes be in use, but is not defined in this glossary.
Acronym: An abbreviation formed from the initial letters of other words and pronounced as a word. An acronym appears in parentheses following the term.
Initialism: An abbreviation consisting of initial letters pronounced separately. An initialism appears in parentheses following the term.
See: Means there is another, preferred term that should be used instead. In such a case only the preferred term is defined in this glossary.
See Also: Means there are one or more related terms that may also be of interest to the glossary user. The related terms are also defined in this glossary.
Synonym: Means the term is synonymous with another. The terms have the same, or essentially the same, definition and the terms are interchangeable in their use.
Definition Extension: An example, further explanation, or usage guidance in support of the definition.

Glossary Acronyms/Initialisms

6 (1) | A (126) | B (94) | C (160) | D (102) | E (67) | F (261) | G (48) | H (90) | I (83) | J (10) | K (4) | L (74) | M (92) | N (31) | O (47) | P (133) | Q (6) | R (100) | S (221) | T (71) | U (28) | V (37) | W (60) | Z (1)
  • Mapping unit which defines an area in terms of longitude and latitude distance. Two common scales are 1:24,000 quadrangles, which are 7.5' longitude x 7.5' latitude, and 1:62,500 quadrangles, which are 15' longitude x 15' latitude. 
Qualification Sheet
  • A written resume of an expert witness used to show that expert?s sufficient special expertise in the field. 
Qualifications and Certification
  • This subsystem of NIIMS provides recommended qualification and certification for those personnel responding to an incident regionally or nationally, allowing for the development of local minimum standards to meet local needs. Standards typically include training, experience, and physical fitness.
Qualified Non-Crew Member
  • An individual, other than a member of the crew, aboard an aircraft whose presence is required to perform, or is associated with the performance of, a governmental function.   Source: NWCG Standards for Helicopter Operations, PMS 510.
Qualitative Risk Assessment
  • Qualitative risk assessment is the application of judgment based in knowledge and experience when assessing wildfire risk, the potential for ignitions and recommendations regarding possible ways to mitigate the risk.
Quantitative Risk Assessment
  • Quantitative risk assessments provide a method by which we can calculate risk based on measurements or estimates of various risk components such as likelihood of fire occurrence, intensity of fire should it occur, and susceptibility to fire of the various values being evaluated.