Firefighter Type 1 (Squad Boss)
FFT1 Incident Position Description
The Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) leads a small group (usually not more than seven members) and is responsible for their safety on wildland and prescribed fire incidents. The FFT1 supervises resources at the Firefighter Type 2 (FFT2) level and reports to a Single Resource Crew Boss [Crew Boss (CRWB), Heavy Equipment Boss (HEQB), Engine Boss (ENGB), Felling Boss (FELB), Firing Boss (FIRB), or Helicopter Manager (HMGB)].or other assigned supervisor. The FFT1 works in the Operations functional area.
The FFT1 performs position duties commensurate with Type 1 incident complexity and characteristics stated in the Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book).
Leadership Level 1, Follower (Provide Action)
Prepare and Mobilize
- Ensure individual readiness.
- Gather critical information pertinent to the assignment.
- Review Incident Action Plan (IAP) and obtain briefing, objectives, and intent from supervisor.
Build the Team
- Assemble and validate readiness of assigned personnel and equipment.
- Establish and communicate chain of command, reporting procedures, risk management processes, and radio frequency management.
- Establish a common operating picture with supervisor and subordinates.
- Brief assigned personnel using IAP and/or NWCG Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461, briefing checklist.
Supervise and Direct Work Assignments
- Establish and communicate objectives, priorities, work assignments, and performance expectations.
- Identify, analyze, and use relevant situational information to make more informed decisions and take appropriate actions.
- Adjust actions based on changing information and evolving situation awareness. Develop and implement contingency plans. Communicate changing conditions to assigned resources and supervisor.
- Ensure incident objectives and performance standards are met.
- Monitor performance and provide immediate and regular feedback to assigned personnel.
Perform Firefighter Type 1-Specific Duties
- Mentor and train assigned resources in safe firefighting practices (e.g., tool maintenance, fireline construction techniques).
- Adhere to the chain of command as it applies to crew configuration.
- Locate fireline and implement appropriate fireline construction methods (e.g., mineral soil scrape, cup trenching, removal of ladder fuels) necessary to stop fire spread and ensure completion to acceptable standards.
- Utilize appropriate fireline tactics, including indirect and direct attack strategies.
- Verify driver/operator qualifications and ensure adherence to vehicle safety procedures when transporting personnel and equipment.
- Use firing devices under supervision on a firing operation according to the ignition/firing plan (verbal or written).
- Maintain and inspect tools, equipment, and supplies required to complete assigned task for amount, serviceability, and safety. Notify supervisor if corrective action is needed.
- Carry IRPG at all times and use it to guide actions.
- Request, direct, and provide feedback to aerial resources through established chain of command.
- Provide status updates on conditions affecting operations, hazardous conditions, unresolved conflicts, air operations, etc., to supervisor.
- Through established chain of command, assist the responsible land management agency and/or assigned Resource Advisor (READ), with the protection of natural, cultural, and other resources. Communicate when such resources are discovered and document suppression impacts.
- Use maps, compass, Global Positioning System (GPS) and other tools and applications to gather information and navigate on incident.
- Collect, document, and report weather observations utilizing the Belt Weather Kit or electronic weather meter.
- Contribute to the planning process by providing accurate information and recommendations through established chain of command.
Perform Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) Duties
- Conduct WUI operations according to guidelines stated in IRPG, incident-specific objectives and guidelines, and agency-specific guidance.
Communicate and Coordinate
- Follow established processes and chain of command for collecting, producing, and distributing information.
- Report any changes in fire behavior or hazardous conditions to supervisor.
- Communicate effectively using multichannel radios. Prepare and program radios for assignment. Use plain language and Incident Command System (ICS) terminology.
- Conduct and/or participate in After Action Reviews (AAR).
Apply the Risk Management Process as stated in the NWCG Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461:
- Identify Hazards.
- Assess Hazards.
- Develop Controls and Make Risk Decisions.
- Implement Controls.
- Supervise and Evaluate.
- Ensure Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, and Safety Zones (LCES) are established and known to all firefighters before they are needed. Refer to guidelines stated in the IRPG.
- Apply the Standard Firefighting Orders and Watch Out Situations to your assignment, as stated in the IRPG.
- Use Look Up, Down and Around in the IRPG to help maintain situational awareness. Adjust actions accordingly.
- Ensure compliance with all safety practices and procedures for assigned personnel.
- Monitor for signs and symptoms of fatigue, illness, or injury. Mitigate appropriately.
- Account for location, health, safety, and welfare of assigned personnel.
- Complete, ensure timeliness of, and route as required:
- Brief assigned resources on demobilization procedures and responsibilities. Ensure incident and agency demobilization procedures and work/rest driving standards are followed.
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