L-180, Human Factors in The Wildland Fire Service, 2014

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Online Description

The L-180, Human Factors in the Wildland Fire Service, online course exposes students to human performance concepts as part of basic wildland firefighter training. The course is specifically designed for entry-level operational personnel; however, this course also applies to all wildland fire service personnel, including non-operational personnel.

At the end of the online course, students will be able to practice decision-making skills in an interactive simulation as a member of a fire crew, and students will apply their Human Factors knowledge to a variety of scenarios. Throughout the simulation, students will answer questions and make decisions regarding situation awareness and hazard identification, decision-making, and team cohesion. Responses are tracked, and then reported at the end of the activity.


  • Introduce human performance factors in high-risk work environments and add this knowledge to student’s skill set.
  • Provide opportunities to explore human performance concepts and the related vocabulary.
  • Reinforce professional responsibility to address human performance issues while on the job.

Instructor Led Description

This training course is designed for unit-level supervisors to use when delivering orientation training to new crewmembers. The stand-alone training package is available in the NWCG Products Management System. An adapted version is included as Unit 4 in the 2003 edition of S-130, Firefighter Training. Presentation of the course involves a few short lecture segments, but the primary content is delivered by video and supported with small group exercises. Topics include situational awareness, basic communication responsibilities, attitude and stress barriers, decision-making process, and teamwork principles.


  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of their responsibilities to address human performance issues so they can integrate more effectively into crews/teams operating in highrisk, dynamic work environments.

Target Group

Entry-level incident personnel.


L-180 is available as an online training or classroom instructor-led training.

Online Course Components and Hours to Complete

Course ComponentCourse Time
Pre-course workN/A
Pre-selection assessmentN/A
Online training4
Instructor-led trainingN/A
Total Hours4


Instructor-led Course Components and Hours to Complete

Course ComponentCourse Time
Pre-course workN/A
Pre-selection assessmentN/A
Online trainingN/A
Instructor-led training4
Total Hours4

Session Offerings

Nationally advertised course sessions can be found by searching for L-180 on the National Wildland Fire Training website. Contact your local Training Officer for more information about local course sessions.

Prerequisite Qualifications and Training


Course Level


Course Access and Additional Course Information

Can be found at https://www.nwcg.gov under Training.

Associated Position Task Books

Information not available at this time.


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