National Wildfire Coordinating Group

L-180, Human Factors in The Wildland Fire Service, 2008

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Online Description

The L-180, Human Factors in the Wildland Fire Service, online course exposes students to human performance concepts as part of basic wildland firefighter training. The course is specifically designed for entry-level operational personnel; however, this course also applies to all wildland fire service personnel, including non-operational personnel.

At the end of the online course, students will be able to practice decision-making skills in an interactive simulation as a member of a fire crew, and students will apply their Human Factors knowledge to a variety of scenarios. Throughout the simulation, students will answer questions and make decisions regarding situation awareness and hazard identification, decision-making, and team cohesion. Responses are tracked, and then reported at the end of the activity.


  • Introduce human performance factors in high-risk work environments and add this knowledge to student’s skill set.
  • Provide opportunities to explore human performance concepts and the related vocabulary.
  • Reinforce professional responsibility to address human performance issues while on the job.

Instructor Led Description

This training course is designed for unit-level supervisors to use when delivering orientation training to new crew members. Presentation of the course involves a few short lecture segments, but the primary content is delivered by video and supported with small group exercises. Topics include situational awareness, basic communication responsibilities, attitude and stress barriers, decision-making process, and teamwork principles.


  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of their responsibilities to address human performance issues so they can integrate more effectively into crews/teams operating in high-risk, dynamic work environments.

Target Group

Entry-level incident personnel.

Prerequisite Qualifications and Training


Session Offerings

Sessions of this course may be available in the NWCG Wildland Fire Learning Portal (WFLP). Enrollment requires an account. Log on as a guest to search for session offerings of this course and to view other public content. To search for a specific course, use the FIND LEARNING menu at the top of the page, then select UPCOMING COURSES. To view Geographic Area training schedules, select the specific GEOGRAPHIC AREA information using the drop-down menu at the top of the page. Contact your local Training Officer for more information about local course sessions.



L-180 is available as an online training or classroom instructor-led training.

Course Components and Hours to Complete

Component Hours:  Instructor-Led Hours:  Self-Directed
Instructor-led training 4 N/A
Pre-course work N/A N/A
Pre-selection assessment N/A N/A
Online Training N/A 4
Recommended Total Hours 4 4

Course Level


Minimum Instructor Qualifications


See NWCG Standards for Course Delivery, PMS 901-1, Instructor Standards for more information.

Certification Date, Instructor-Led:


Previous Certification Dates:

  • 2000-10

Certification Date, Self-Directed:


Previous Certification Dates:

  • None



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