WFSTAR, Facilitator Tips & Tools

RT-130 Decorative banner. Group of photos depicting wildland firefighters performing various duties.

Mission: To re-focus line-going operational personnel on decision-making issues related to fireline and all-hazard incident safety in order to recognize and mitigate risk, maintain safe an effective practices and reduce accidents and near misses.

Facilitator Prerequisites

Lead Facilitators, Must be at least Single Resource Boss qualified.  Responsibilities:

  • Reviewing the module video and Module Tools
  • Reviewing the additional resources for the module
  • Identifying & use necessary equipment, materials, and supplies
  • Recording attendance/ensuring input into IQCS
  • Determining the appropriate amount of time needed to
    • Meet agency requirements for refresher hours
    • Include ALL Core Components of refresher
    • Facilitate a module
    • Sufficiently practice fire shelter deployments

Unit Facilitator, Must be at least Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) qualified.  Responsibilities:

  • Reviewing the module video and Module Tools
  • Reviewing the additional resources for the module
  • Identifying & use necessary equipment, materials, and supplies
  • Facilitate quality discussions/scenarios

Note:  The 901-1 says this, I don't think we can change without OTC approval:

Minimum Instructor Qualifications

Minimum Instructor Qualifications Requirements have been established for instructors for RT-130. These requirements will ensure that an appropriate level of expertise and knowledge is available to facilitate refresher training exercises and discussions.

  • Lead instructor must be a qualified single resource boss.
  • Unit instructors must be qualified firefighters type 1 (FFT1).
  • Adjunct instructors may be utilized to provide limited instruction in specialized knowledge and skills at the discretion of the lead instructor. They must be experienced, proficient and knowledgeable of current issues in their field of expertise.
  • All instructors will need the knowledge and skills to utilize current educational technology as it relates to Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (RT-130) content, such as video streaming, downloading interactive videos, and use of mobile applications and devices.
  • Instructors must be prepared to facilitate a quality refresher that engages all students regardless of ICS qualification or experience level.

See Instructor Standards Section for more information.

Facilitating a Fireline Refresher


  1. Lead a quality refresher by engaging all students through meaningful discussion no matter their qualification or firefighting experience.
  2. Meet the objectives of each module being taught.

Classes with a wide array of experiences and qualifications can provide an excellent mentoring opportunity for the less experienced and for the more experienced to rethink old habits. But to facilitate a refresher well, you will need to spend some time to prepare.


  • Review the module resources and video (when supplied) prior to delivering a class
  • Become familiar with the classroom space and practice the technology
  • Prepare any handouts, flipcharts, or visuals used in the module
  • Know your audience
    • What are their incident management roles?
    • What agencies and regions are the audience from?
    • What questions might you anticipate from the audience?


Equipment and Materials

This is a list of equipment and materials that you will need to facilitate a RT-130. If there are additional items needed, that will be in the Module Tools section below the videos you choose.

  • Desktop computer, laptop, or tablet with:
  • Internet
  • Ability to download modules from WFSTAR website
  • Ability to play media files
  • Large screen or projection device for classroom visibility
  • Flip chart(s) or dry erase board with markers
  • Facilitator Guide available within Module Resources on the module page
  • IRPG (Incident Response Pocket Guide) for each student
  • Sign-in sheet/training documentation form
  • Optional: New Generation Fire Shelter video, NFES #2711
  • Optional: The New Generation Fire Shelter booklet, NFES #2710
  • Optional: Materials for games which may be utilized to enhance refresher


  • Answers to questions should align with the standards, policies, and guidelines. Good idea to have an IRPG and Redbook handy during the refresher.
  • Ask open-ended questions to facilitate a deeper discussion. Questions in a closed-ended manner typically result in either a “Yes” or “No” answer
    • Example:
      • Closed-ended, “Do you think it will rain?”
      • Open-ended, “What is the likelihood we will see rain today? Why?”
  • Establish some ground rules and also ask the class for ground rules.
    • Example:   “What is said in this room stays in this room.”
  • Participation is key! If you are talking more than 40% of the time, reduce your talk time and make more time for audience participation.
  • After asking a question, wait 10 seconds for responses
  • Asked to be mentored by a respected, experienced facilitator

Module Summary

The module summary is a valuable moment to reinforce why the module information should be important and relevant to the students.

Summarize a module by:

  • Reviewing the key points of the refresher
  • Asking the students to summarize why THEY thought the information was important to them
  • Asking for questions
  • Providing ideas for continued self-development on the module topic
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