National Wildfire Coordinating Group

S-131, Firefighter Type 1, 2016 (Update 2020)

S-131 Decorative banner. Group of photos depicting wildland firefighters performing various duties.

Course Overview Page ButtonCourse Delivery ButtonCourse Materials Button


S-131, Firefighter Type 1 is designed to meet the training needs of the Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) and/or Incident Commander Type 5 (ICT5).  Topics include operational leadership, communications, LCES, and tactical decision-making.


  • Identify position responsibilities and demonstrate the ability to apply principles of Operational Leadership found in the Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461.
  • Describe how to incorporate and maintain open lines of communication with appropriate personnel.
  • Identify Look Up, Down and Around indicators, and demonstrate the ability to apply the components of Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, and Safety Zones (LCES) as described in the IRPG.
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply tactical decision-making procedures.

Target Group

Personnel desiring to be qualified as Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) and/or  Incident Commander Type 5 (ICT5).  

Prerequisite Qualifications and Training

Students must be qualified as Firefighter Type 2 (FFT2).

Session Offerings

Sessions of this course may be available in the NWCG Wildland Fire Learning Portal (WFLP). Enrollment requires an account. Log on as a guest to search for session offerings of this course and to view other public content. To search for a specific course, use the FIND LEARNING menu at the top of the page, then select UPCOMING COURSES. To view Geographic Area training schedules, select the specific GEOGRAPHIC AREA information using the drop-down menu at the top of the page. Contact your local Training Officer for more information about local course sessions.



S-131 is only available as instructor led (classroom) training. The course is designed to be interactive in nature. It contains class discussion and several tactical decision games designed to facilitate learning the objectives. Upon completion of the ILT, students must then take and pass a final assessment to receive credit for the course.

Course Components and Hours to Complete

Components Time
Pre-selection assessment N/A
Pre-course work N/A
Online training N/A
Instructor-led training 12
Total Hours 12

Course Level


Minimum Instructor Qualifications

Lead instructors must be qualified Single Resource Boss.
Unit instructors must be qualified as Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1).

See NWCG Standards for Course Delivery, PMS 901-1, Instructor Standards for more information.

Certification Date:

  • 2016-10

Update Date:

  • 2020-11

Previous Certification Dates:

  • 2004-11


Print Training Overview Page



Functional Area: 
Required For: 
Page Last Modified / Reviewed: 

Please Provide Feedback

NWCG values your constructive input and we thank you for taking the time to provide feedback.

Although contact information is optional, we hope that you provide a way for us to contact you in case we need clarification on your comment. If you would like to be contacted regarding your feedback, you must provide contact information. 

Due to recent hacking behavior, we are temporarily suspending our ability to upload documents.  If you need to attach additional information, please email the file to

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.