S-131, Firefighter Type 1

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S-131, Firefighter Type 1 is designed to meet the training needs of the Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) and/or Incident Commander Type 5 (ICT5).  Topics include operational leadership, communications, LCES, and tactical decision-making.


  • Identify position responsibilities and demonstrate the ability to apply principles of Operational Leadership found in the Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461.
  • Describe how to incorporate and maintain open lines of communication with appropriate personnel.
  • Identify Look Up, Down and Around indicators, and demonstrate the ability to apply the components of Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, and Safety Zones (LCES) as described in the IRPG.
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply tactical decision-making procedures.

Target Group

Personnel desiring to be qualified as Firefighter Type 1 (FFT1) and/or  Incident Commander Type 5 (ICT5).  This course is required training for both the FFT1 and ICT5 positions.


S-131 is only available as instructor led (classroom) training. The course is designed to be interactive in nature. It contains class discussion and several tactical decision games designed to facilitate learning the objectives. Upon completion of the ILT, students must then take and pass a final assessment to receive credit for the course.


Pre-selection assessmentN/A
Pre-course workN/A
Online trainingN/A
Instructor-led training12
Total Hours12

Session Offerings

Nationally advertised course sessions can be found by searching for S-131 on the National Wildland Fire Training website. Contact your local Training Officer or Geographic Area Training Representative for more information about local course sessions.

Prerequisite Qualifications and Training

Students must be qualified as Firefighter Type 2 (FFT2).

Associated Position Task Books

Firefighter Type 1, Incident Commander Type 5 (PMS 311-14)


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