S-190 Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior, 2020

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Course Delivery Information

S-190 may be delivered as instructor-led (classroom) or self-directed (online) training.

    NWCG training materials are being updated to reduce redundancy and conflict among overlapping documents.  Course-specific student workbooks will be replaced by standards-bearing NWCG publications - the documents that actually guide operations.  Instructor guidance will be integrated into PowerPoint presentations rather than located in separate documents.  Instructors may use the instructor guide file (exported from the PowerPoint presenter notes), view the notes in presentation mode, or export the notes into the desired format.

    Major changes for the 2020 S-190 revision include:

    • The final examination was replaced with a Student Evaluation Task Sheet, which is similar to a Position Task Book.
    • Instructor guides were integrated into the PowerPoint presentations and may currently be downloaded as a separate document while this concept is being introduced.
    • The course CD was replaced with web-based content located under the Course Materials tab on the S-190 page.  
    • The student workbook was replaced with the Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461. The IRPG is the only cache item that needs to be ordered. All other Student Materials can be downloaded from this page. 

    Expectations of Instructors

    • Prepare thoroughly. Study the course content you are going to teach.
    • Establish a collaborative and constructive classroom environment.
    • Communicate expectations.
    • Encourage student engagement.
    • Respect student diversity in backgrounds, talent, experience, and learning style.
    • Professionally represent your instructor cadre, your home unit, and your agency.

    Course Guidance

    Course coordinators and instructors should be thoroughly familiar with the NWCG Standards for Course Delivery, PMS 901-1.  The NWCG Standards for Course Delivery establishes standards for all aspects of NWCG training course management and delivery. These standards should be used in conjunction with the NWCG Standards for Wildland Fire Position Qualifications, PMS 310-1, and the course-specific guidance stated in the NWCG Training Catalog.

    See S-190 minimum instructor qualifications

    Recommended Class Size

    Recommended class size is 24 students.  Instructors should maintain a 6:1 ratio of students to instructors/coaches to facilitate exercises and discussion and to enable strong mentorship to the students. 

    Student Materials

    Each student must be provided the following:

    Technical Considerations

    All presentations should be downloaded and tested before the start of class to ensure compatibility with software.

    PowerPoint presentations are built in Microsoft Office 2016.  Saving them in an earlier version of PowerPoint may prevent some features from working correctly.  Instructor notes are built in to the presentation slides under Presenter Notes.

    For help, visit the Microsoft Office website, https://support.office.com/en-us/powerpoint, or contact your local IT support personnel. 

    Student Assessment

    Knowledge checks are embedded in the S-190 course in the form of exercises and discussion questions. Knowledge checks are not graded; they are designed to encourage student engagement and class discussions, and to enable students to demonstrate understanding of course content.

    The S-190 Student Evaluation Task Sheet provides a more formal method for students to demonstrate understanding of course content. The task sheet mimics the format and intent of the NWCG Position Task Book. Task sheets should be distributed during the Course Introduction.

    Course Evaluations

    Use the NWCG Course Evaluation Feedback form to collect information critical to future training improvements.

    Students and cadre members are asked to contribute course evaluations. Input is welcome on all aspects of the training course, including course content, pre-course work, reference materials, quality of instruction, delivery methods, and testing procedures.

    Instructor Cadre Meetings

    Conduct initial, pre-course, daily, and close-out instructor cadre meetings. These provide opportunities to plan, organize, preview materials, review training and exercises, and identify and address concerns and issues. Consider using an informal After Action Review process. Instructor cadre meetings are critical for instructors who do not have previous experience with the course.  Additional information is located in the NWCG Standards for Course Delivery, PMS 901-1.

    Self-Directed (Online) S-190 Delivery Instructions

    1. Complete online course (instructions below). You will be directed to the National Fire Academy (NFA) Online website. You will need an NFA Online account to take this course; follow directions on the NFA Online website to obtain an account. Search for course title in the catalog and add the online course to your “To-Do-List.” The NFA Online learning management system will track your progress.
    2. There is a challenge review at the end of each module; you must obtain a passing score of 70% or higher on each review. When you successfully complete the review, you will be able to print or PDF a "module" certificate of completion.
    3. When you successfully complete all of the challenge reviews and all modules have tracked complete in the NFA Online and the online component has moved to the "Completed Work" section, you will then be able to print a S-190, Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior (Online) 2008 certificate of completion for the online course.  Print the NWCG certificate of completion (instructions below). Keep the certificate as proof of successful completion of the course.


    Please read Browser Requirements below to learn about compatible browsers.  Link to online training logon.

    Attention All Students Taking NWCG Courses

    You may be aware that many of the NWCG Courses (S190, S130, L180, etc.) on NFA Online Self Study are not working. We have learned that this is due to an update to ActiveX and the browsers/operating systems.

    We apologize for the frustration this has caused all of you! We have been actively working on this issue since March 3rd. We have found a workaround using the CHROME Browser.

    First before you begin, make sure you have the Adobe Flash Player installed and it is up to date. To download or update go to: https://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/   If your Flash Player needs updated, you MUST restart your computer before opening the browser.

    If you have not already done so, please download the latest CHROME Browser and follow the configuration settings below.

    Important Notes:

    • You must configure CHROME each time you launch the content. CHROME will not save these Flash Player configurations permanently. Sorry, we know it’s a pain but that’s the workaround for now.
    • If you have already tried CHROME but it didn’t work, please clear your cache and cookies before proceeding with these configuration changes!

    Step 1

    Log into your NFA/NWCG Online Self Study account using the CHROME browser and do the following:

    Allow Site to Run Flash:

    1. Within CHROME, at the top right, click More then Settings.
    2. Under "Privacy and security," click Site Settings.
    3. Click Flash.
    4. At the top, turn off Block sites from running Flash (recommended). It should have "ASK FIRST" enabled now.

    Step 2

    Launch the course you want to take and from the Content Window do the following:

    To Run Flash on a Website:

    1. To the left of the web address, click Lock or Info icon.
    2. In the new tab, to the right of "Flash," click the Down arrow icon then Allow.
    3. Click “Reload” to apply the Flash.

    1. Confirm the installed Adobe Reader is the current version for the browser you are using:  https://get.adobe.com/reader/

    2. To print the online course completion certificate, log into your NFA Online account.  From your Home Page select "View All" in the "Completed Work" pod.

    3. Hover mouse over the title of the course, wait for pop-up and select "Print Certificate":

    Displaying screenshot of completed work screen.




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