National Wildfire Coordinating Group

S-481, Incident Business Advisor, 2014

S-481 Decorative banner: Three photos of wildland fire incident business operations. A man sits at a table with a laptop working. Three women stand discussing business in a tent on an incident. A large room with over a dozen people working on incident business related activities with computers, files, and printers on every table.

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Certification Date:


Previous Certification Date(s):


Course Components:

TitleNFES NumberProduct DateTypeDistributionPrevious Edition
S-481 CD-ROM Course Materials
CD Rom


Both the Fireline Handbook, PMS 410-1, and the Wildland Fire Incident Management Field Guide, PMS 210, are now discontinued. Existing references to these documents will need to be removed from course materials and exams.  Any existing paper copies of exams are now outdated. Course Coordinators, Lead Instructors, or Unit Training Officers may request access to the final exam and answer key by emailing  All emailed requests must come from an official NWCG partner email address.

The following update is suggested for the S-481 final exam:

  • Question #23:  List three reference documents utilized during an IBA assignment.(6 pts)
    • Answer:  In the answer key, the Fireline Handbook and the Wildland Fire Incident Management Field Guide need to be deleted as potential answers.

The NWCG Wildland Fire Risk and Complexity Assessment, PMS 236, replaced the NWCG Complexity Analysis and NWCG Organizational Needs Assessment.  The following table illustrates the changes to this course.

Table showing the changes to the S-481 course.

Applies to 2008 Version.


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