Air Mass 

  • According to the American Meteorological Society, a widespread body of air that is approximately homogeneous in its horizontal extent, particularly with reference to temperature and moisture distribution; in addition, the vertical temperature and moisture variations are approximately the same over its horizontal extent.  The properties of the air mass are established while that air was situated over a particular region of the earth's surface. Source: http://glossary.ametsoc.org/wiki/Air_mass.
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