NWCG Standards for Wildland Fire Resource Typing, PMS 200

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The NWCG Standards for Wildland Fire Resource Typing establishes minimum typing standards for aircraft, crews, and equipment for national mobilization to wildland fire incidents. These standards assign typing designations based on measurable capability and performance criteria. NWCG typing standards enable accurate ordering and acquisition of needed resources in support of nationally interoperable wildland fire operations.

The NWCG Standards for Wildland Fire Resource Typing is jointly developed and maintained by the following National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) committees and their subgroups:

  • NIMS Integration Committee (NIMSIC).
  • Equipment Technology Committee (ETC).
  • National Interagency Aviation Committee (NIAC).
  • Incident and Position Standards Committee (IPSC).

While they may contain current or useful information, previous versions are obsolete.  The user of this information is responsible for confirming they have the most up-to-date version.  NWCG is the sole source for the publication.

Comments, questions, and recommendations shall be submitted to the appropriate agency representative assigned to the steward for each resource.

References

 

Aircraft

Steward: National Interagency Aviation Committee; Roster

Airtankers

Airtanker Typing Standard

ComponentsVLATType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4
Minimum capacity (gal)>8,0003,000-5,0001,800 - 2,999800 - 1,799Up to 799
ExamplesDC-10, B-747BAe-146, RJ85, MD-87,
C-130, B-737
Q-400, CV-580, P-3S-2T, AT-802FThrush

Note: Tanker capacity standards may vary by agency.

Airtanker Resources


Helicopters

Helicopter Typing Standard

ComponentsType 1Type 2Type 3
Allowable payload at 59° F at sea level5,0002,5001,200
Passenger seats15 or more9 - 144 - 8
Retardant or water-carying capability (gal)700300100
Maximum gross takeoff and landing weight (lb)12,501+6,000 - 12,500Up to 6,000
ExamplesCH-54 / CH-47Bell 204, 205 A1++, 212 HPBell 407, A-Star B3
Helitanker
  • Fixed tank
  • 1,100 minimum gallon capacity

Helicopter Resources


Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

UAS Typing Standard

TypeConfigurationEnduranceData Collection Altitude (agl)Max Range (miles)Typical Sensors*
1Fixed-Wing
Rotocraft
6-14 hrs.
N/A
3,500-8,000
N/A
50
N/A
EO/Mid Wave IR
High Quality IR
2Fixed-Wing
​Rotocraft
1-6 hrs.
N/A
3,500-6,000
​N/A
25
N/A
EO/Long Wave IR
​Moderate Quality IR
3Fixed-Wing
​Rotocraft
20-60 min.
20-60 min.
2,500 and Below
2,00 and Below
5
5
EO/IR Video and Stills
​Moderate Quality IR
4Fixed-Wing
​Rotocraft
Up to 30 min.
Up to 20 min.
1,200 and Below
1,200 and Below
<2
<2
EO/IR Video and Stills
​Moderate Quality IR

*Sensor payloads are variable but typically include daylight (electro-optical), infrared (IR), thermal, or mapping cameras. Type 1 and 2 UAS carry multiple camera types in a gimbaled configuration.

Note:Certain aircraft are specialized and will not fit this classification.

Additional current information can be accessed on the Interagency Fire UAS Opeations website.

UAS Resources

Crews

Hand Crews

Steward: Incident and Position Standards CommitteeRoster

Minimum Crew Standards for National Mobilization

Minimum StandardsType 1 IHC (Interagency Hotshot Crew)Type 2 with IA (Initial Attack) CapabilityType 2
Fireline CapabilityInitial attack/can be broken up into squads, fireline construction, complex firing operations (backfire).Initial attack/can be broken up into squads, fireline construction, firing to include burnout.Initial attack, fireline construction, firing as directed.
Crew Size18 - 2218 - 20
Leadership QualificationsPermanent supervision:
Supt.: TFLD, ICT4, FIRB
Asst. Supt.: STCR or TFLD and CRWB and ICT4
3 Squad Leaders: CRWB and ICT5
2 Senior Firefighters: FFT1
Crew Boss: CRWB
3 Squad Bosses: ICT5
Crew Boss: CRWB
3 Squad Bosses: FFT1
Language RequirementAll senior leadership, including Squad Leaders and higher must be able to read and interpret the language of the crew as well as English.
Experience80% 1 season60% 1 season20% 1 season
Full-Time Organized CrewYes (work and train as a unit 40 hours per week.NoNo
Communications8 programmable radios4 programmable radios
Sawyers4 certified as FAL2 and 50% of crew certified as FAL3 or better.3 agency-qualifiedNone
TrainingAs required by the Standards for Interagency Hotshot Crew Operations or agency policy prior to assignmentBasic firefighter training and/or annual fireline safety refresher prior to assignmentBasic firefighter training and/or annual fireline safety refresher prior to assignment
LogisticsCrew level agency purchasing authorityNo purchasing authorityNo purchasing authority
Maximum Weight5,300 lb
Dispatch AvailabilityAvailable nationallyAvailable nationallyVariable
Production Factor1.0.8.8
TransportationOwn transportationTransportation neededTransportation needed
Tools & EquipmentFully equippedNot equippedNot equipped
Personal GearArrives with: Crew first aid kit, personal first aid kit, headlamp, 1-qt canteen, web gear, sleeping bag
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)All standard designated fireline PPE
CertificationMust be annually certified by the local host unit agency administrator or designee prior to being made available for assignment.N/AN/A

N/A = Not applicable

Crew Resources

Equipment

Steward: Equipment Technology Committee; Roster

Dozers

Dozer Typing Standard

RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4
Net HP Range*240 and up150 - 25099 - 16550 - 110
Minimum Base Weight**60,000 lbs.35,000 lbs.20,000 lbs.10,000 lbs.
*Manufacturer’s published rated net horsepower (HP). Horsepower rating taken at the flywheel with all the engine accessories installed not counting transmission losses or anything after the flywheel
**Manufacturer’s published base weight for dozer including equipped track width and blade configuration, equipment fluids, etc. If a published base weight is unavailable, a certified in-service weight shall be used
Base operational weight is only used for typing. Final in-service dozer weight will be higher and include additional accessories such as winch, grapple, forestry package, etc. Final in-service dozer weight must be used when calculating hauler capacity, bridge weight limits, etc.

 


Engines

The NWCG categorizes information on fire apparatus into logical groups and provides common options often requested by fire managers. The Incident Command System (ICS) uses this system based on the equipment capability. The table below shows NWCG minimum performance requirements for structure and, wildland engine resource types. Additional information for required crew training and equipment recommendations can be found at the position catalog.

Engine Typing Standard

Types 1 and 2 are structure; Types 3-7 are wildland

RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Type 6Type 7
Tank minimum capacity (gal)30030050075040015050
Pump minimum flow (gal/min)1,00050015050505010
At rated pressure (psi)150150250100100100100
Hose: 2½-inch1,2001,000N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Hose: 1½-inch5005001,000300300300N/A
Hose: 1-inchN/AN/A500300300300200
Ladders per NFPA 1901YesYesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Master stream 500 gal/min.YesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Pump and rollN/AN/AYesYesYesYesYes
Maximum GVWR (lb)N/AN/AN/AN/A26,00019,50014,000
Personnel (minimum)4332222

N/A = Not applicable
NFPA = National Fire Protection Association
GVWR = Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

Notes:

  1. All types shall meet federal, state and agency requirements for motor vehicle safety standards, including all gross vehicle weight ratings when fully loaded.
  2. Type 3 engines and tactical water tenders shall be equipped with a foam proportioner system.
  3. All water tenders and engine types 3 through 6 shall be able to prime and pump water from a 10 foot lift.
  4. Personnel shall meet the qualification requirements of NWCG Standards for Wildland Fire Position Qualifications, PMS 310-1.

Engine Resources


Water Tenders

The NWCG categorizes information on fire apparatus into logical groups and provides common options often requested by fire managers. The Incident Command System (ICS) uses this system based on the equipment capability. The table below shows NWCG minimum performance requirements for water tenders. Additional information for required crew training and equipment recommendations can be found at the position catalog.

Water Tender Typing Standard

RequirementsSupport Type 1Support Type 2Support Type 3Tactical Type 1Tactical Type 2
Tank capacity (gal)4,0002,5001,0002,0001,000
Pump minimum flow (gal/min)300200200250250
At rated pressure (psi)505050150150
Maximum refill time (minutes)302015N/AN/A
Pump and rollN/AN/AN/AYesYes
Personnel (minimum)11122
N/A = Not applicable

Water Tender Resources

 

The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) provides national leadership to enable interoperable wildland fire operations among federal, state, tribal, territorial, and local partners. NWCG operations standards are interagency by design; they are developed with the intent of universal adoption by the member agencies. However, the decision to adopt and utilize them is made independently by the individual member agencies and communicated through their respective directives systems.

 

 

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Page Last Modified / Reviewed: 
2019-12-13