National Wildfire Coordinating Group

RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)

Situation Awareness

RT-130 Decorative banner. Group of photos depicting wildland firefighters performing various duties.

Situation awareness is a common term in the wildland fire service. Understanding what it means and how to develop it, remain a subject fo much debate.
Category: Operations
Core Component(s): Incident Reviews and Lessons Learned;
Human Factors, Communication and Decision Making

Estimated Delivery Time: 30 minutes; Video Length: 11:12



Take a new look at situation awareness and its complex components.

Facilitator Preparation

  • Review the video and module tools.
  • Consider additional activities and discussion questions pertinent to the location and agency.

Facilitating the Discussion

  • Show the video.
  • Facilitate a small or large group discussion using the discussion questions.

Discussion Questions

  1. What are some examples of attention traps on the fireline?
  2. How can you mitigate attention traps?
  3. How does group interaction and communication help you think critically about the situation?
  4. How can you participate in the group sensemaking process?
  5. How can you be ready to adapt your plan when the situation changes?


Additional Video Information

This video is also available as a download. (Size 114 MB)‚Äč
Download the .srt file for closed captioning (you may need to right click and Save As). For information on how to add closed captioning to a video, see this how to page.

Note: For Chrome, Firefox, and Edge, right click the word download and select Save Link As; for Internet Explorer (IE), right click and select Save Target As.



Print This WFSTAR Module




Page Last Modified / Reviewed: 

Please Provide Feedback

NWCG values your constructive input and we thank you for taking the time to provide feedback.

Although contact information is optional, we hope that you provide a way for us to contact you in case we need clarification on your comment. If you would like to be contacted regarding your feedback, you must provide contact information. 

Due to recent hacking behavior, we are temporarily suspending our ability to upload documents.  If you need to attach additional information, please email the file to

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.