RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
Core Component(s): Fire and Aviation Operational Safety;
Human Factors, Communication and Decision Making
Estimated Delivery Time: 30:00; Video Length: N/A
Interact with the Activity
- Using the insert above,
- Watching in a new browser window at https://training.nwcg.gov/courses/s130/10_18/story_html5.html, or
- Scanning the QR code to the right.
IntentApply the 10 Standard Firefighting Orders and 18 Watch Out Situations to simulated fireline scenarios. The module is intentionally designed to provide multiple options for the user to use a variety of tools to make decisions with no right or wrong answers, only different outcomes for each scenario. Outcomes are based on individual user perceptions of risks and situational awareness based on experience levels.
Review the immersive activity and work through all the scenarios prior to facilitation.
- Hand Crew Scenario (automatically opens first)
- Helitack Scenario
- Indirect Line Scenario
- Initial Attack Scenario
- Prescribed Fire Scenario
- Become familiar with the toolbar and icon functionality of the application and be able to describe these to participants.
- In each scenario, there are multiple actions that lead to different outcomes. Review all of the alternatives prior to facilitation.
- Some elements of the activity incorporate 360 degree photos. While they are designed for and preferably viewed on mobile devices, all functionality is maintained when viewed on a computer monitor or projector.
Toolbar and Icon Functionality
The map icon can be selected at any time to go to another scenario.
If the notepad icon is highlighted, it is recommended that you refer to your Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461.
If the eye icon is highlighted, you should assess your surroundings. You can survey an area by looking up, down, and all around.
If the hand icon is highlighted, actions can be taken, such as selecting a hazard or a button.
If the question mark icon is highlighted, you are encouraged to select it and ask questions provided on screen.
- Present the Hand Crew Scenario to the entire group in order to demonstrate the functionality of the application.
- Divide the class into small or large groups depending on the number of participants.
Assign one more scenario to each group.
- Method 1: Assign each group the same scenario (e.g., all groups complete the Helitack Scenario).
- Method 2: Assign each group a different scenario (e.g., one group completes the Helitack Scenario, another group completes the Initial Attack Scenario, etc.).
- Method 3: Assign multiple or all scenarios depending on time limitations and group size.
- Establish an end time for the groups to complete the scenarios and conduct After Action Reviews (AARs).
- Allow groups to work through the scenarios without facilitator input.
- Have each group conduct an AAR upon completion of their assigned scenario(s).
- Consider having participants document their decisions, outcomes, and AAR.
Facilitating the Discussion
- Once all groups have completed their AARs, facilitate discussion with all participants.
- Depending on which method was used to assign the scenarios, consider reviewing each scenario.
- Identify differences in group responses and outcomes.
- Discuss the differences between each group's perceived risk and situational awareness.
- Publication: Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
- WFSTAR Module: Standard Firefighting Orders
- WFSTAR Module: Watch Out Situations
- Document: 6 Minutes for Safety - 10 Standard Firefighting Orders
- Document: 6 Minutes for Safety - Origin of the 10 and 18s
- Documents: 6 Minutes for Safety - Watch Out Situations