National Wildfire Coordinating Group

Fire Effects Monitor

FEMO decorative banner: photos depicting FEMO position.

FEMO Homepage Button Position Incident Position Description Button Position Reference Materials Button Position Qualification Requirements Button

The Fire Effects Monitor (FEMO) is responsible for collecting incident status information from personal observations at the incident, and providing this information to the module leader, crew boss, and other fireline supervisor as directed. The information may include but is not limited to fire perimeter location, onsite weather, fire behavior, fuel conditions, smoke, and fire effects information needed to assess firefighter safety and whether the fire is achieving established incident objectives and requirements. The FEMO reports to their crew supervisor on a wildfire or the Firing Boss (FIRB) or Burn Boss (RXB1/2) on a prescribed fire.

The Forest Service and Department of Interior are enabled by Administratively Determined Pay Plans (AD Pay Plans) to hire persons for temporary duration for the following reasons:

  1. To cope with a sudden and unexpected emergency caused by a fire, or extreme fire potential, flood, storm, or any other all-hazard emergency that threatens damage to federally protected property, has the potential to cause loss of life, serious injury, public health risk, or damage to natural or cultural resources unless brought under immediate control.
  2. To provide emergency assistance to States under formalized agreements.
  3. To meet mission assignments issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) Incident Business Committee (IBC) reviews positions annually and establishes pay rate classifications for each position.

For more information on the AD Pay Plans, go to

Jun 2020

Added: Incident Position Description (IPD) approved.

Jun 2009

Updated: FEMO and FOBS Position Task Books were combined into one Position Task Book (311-30)  but the positions have not been combined. Specific direction is in the transition plan which can be found on the NWCG Publication Management System (Qualifications) web site: /publications/310-1/pms-310-1-historical-documents.

Mar 1999

Position created.


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