RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
Core Component(s): Incident Reviews and Lessons Learned;
Fire and Aviation Operational Safety;
Human Factors, Communication and Decision Making
Estimated Delivery Time: 30 minutes; Video Length: 8:14
Establish Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, and Safety Zones (LCES) based on worse-case fire behavior and potential.
- Review the video and module tools.
- Consider additional activities and discussion questions pertinent to the location and agency.
Facilitating the Discussion
- Show the video.
- Facilitate a small or large group discussion using the discussion questions.
- What led to Paul Gleason creating LCES in 1991?
- This video states that LCES should be based on worst-case fire behavior. Have you been on an incident where it wasn’t based on a worst-case scenario? What was the outcome?
- Where are some of the largest safety zones that you’ve seen? Were they implemented based on explosive fire behavior? Were they adequate?
- The term “set it and forget it” was used in this video for LCES. How do you feel about this term?
- According to the video, what is the fundamental intent of a lookout?
- Publication: Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
- Document: 6 Minutes for Safety – Origin of the 10 and 18
- Document: LCES and Other Thoughts by Paul Gleason
- Document: The 10 Standard Firefighting Orders and 18 Watchout Situations: We Don’t Bend Them, We Don’t Break Them…We Don’t Know Them
This video is also available as a download. (Size 26 MB)
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