National Wildfire Coordinating Group

RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)

The Tenth Order: A Smokejumper Perspective

RT-130 Decorative banner. Group of photos depicting wildland firefighters performing various duties.

Explore and discuss aggressive initial attack, safety culture, and risk management using the tenth standard firefighting order as an anchor point.
Category: Operations
Core Component(s): Fire and Aviation Operational Safety;
Human Factors, Communication and Decision Making

Estimated Delivery Time: 30 minutes; Video Length: 9:54



Pose thought-provoking questions and discuss the topics of aggressive initial attack, safety culture, and risk management using the tenth firefighting order as an anchor point.

Facilitator Preparation

  • Review the video and module tools.
  • Consider additional activities and discussion questions pertinent to the location and agency.

Facilitating the Discussion

  • Show the video.
  • Facilitate a small or large group discussion using the discussion questions.

Discussion Questions

  1. What does it mean to fight fire aggressively?
    1. Is aggressive firefighting primarily a physical action? What about aggressive planning or thinking on the fireline (i.e., stop, think, then act)?
    2. What is the difference between strategy and tactics (hint: why vs. how)?
  2. How do we provide for safety first?
    1. What are the five steps of the Risk Management process found in the NWCG Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461?
    2. What are the five tenets of Highly Reliable Organizations?
    3. What are the four subcomponents of a Safety Culture?


Additional Video Information

This video is also available as a download.  (Size 758MB)
Download the .srt file for closed captioning (you may need to right click and Save As). For information on how to add closed captioning to a video, see this how to page.

Note: For Chrome and Firefox, right click the word download and select Save Link As; For IE, right click and select Save Target As.


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