L-280 Field Leadership Assessment Course (FLAC)
The purpose of this feature is to provide support to facilitators in the planning, development, and execution of a Field Leadership Assessment Course (FLAC) portion of the L-280 course. The FLAC is intended to provide an opportunity for the students to practice the leadership, communication, and teamwork concepts covered during the first day classroom portion of the L-280 course. A well planned FLAC is essential for a successful course.
The FLAC is where it all starts to come together for L-280 students-where theory meets application. The FLAC provides an opportunity for cadre and students to have fun while providing a learning and self-discovery environment in the context of what firefighters do every day. The FLAC is a series of problem solving events where students, working in small teams, practice the concepts that were presented in their reading assignment and classroom session.
The intent of the FLAC is to give students the opportunity to apply lessons from the classroom instruction in order to do some self-assessment regarding their positive and negative leadership traits. The FLAC also is intended to help fire managers develop quality leadership in their workforce by providing a method to assess individual competence for handling small teams that have been charged with accomplishing a task under conditions of stress.
The FLAC was adapted from the Leadership Reaction Course used at the U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate School. In 2001 and 2002, when the Wildland Fire Leadership Development Program was first being established, about 150 wildland firefighters were invited to attend a series of leadership development workshops hosted by the Marine Corps University in Quantico, Virginia. In these workshops, wildland firefighters had the opportunity to experience a number of leader development techniques used by the Marines. These techniques included their Professional Reading Program, Tactical Decision Games and Sandtables, Staff Rides, and the Leadership Reaction Course (LRC). All these techniques have since been adapted for use by the wildland fire service. In 2003, when L-280 was being designed, the project team members were individuals that had been to the Marine Corps University leadership workshops and determined that a portable wildland fire version of the LRC could be developed. The FLAC is the result of that effort.
The following documents and links will aid in the planning and delivery of your session:
- L-280 Instructor Guide
- Standard FLAC Station Photos - This needs to be Section 508
- FLAC Coordinator Briefing Video - WHERE IS THIS?
- FLAC Observer/Controller Station Briefing Video - WHERE IS THIS?
- Standard Observer/Controller Evaluation (docx)
Used by O/C to evaluate leader and team actions at FLAC stations.
- Optional Observer/Controller Evaluation (docx)
A more detailed evaluation format adapted from the military Leadership Reaction Course.
- Student Assessment (docx)
Used by students for self assessment after completing the FLAC.
- Job Hazard Analysis (docx)
Completed JHA for standard FLAC stations.
- Medical Plan
Blank ICS-206 for medical emergency planning.
Example FLAC Coordinator Plans
- McClellan Apprentice Academy
Includes JHA, medical plan, course map, and start schedule - WHERE IS THIS?.
- South Africa Crew Boss Academy
Includes schedule and non-standard station descriptions. - WHERE IS THIS?
- Texas Wildfire Academy
Includes non-standard station descriptions, weather contingency plan, and cadre AAR.
References for Designing New FLAC Stations
- Field Initiatives
Collection of team building exercises put together by the Maine Civil Air Patrol.
- Land-Based Team Building Games - BAD LINK?
Website for commercial team building retreats that may provide you with some creative ideas. (Absolutely Scotland)
- Team Building Activities
Website for commercial team building retreats that may provide you with some creative ideas. (Wilderdom)