ATV - How to Properly Ride and Operate
Riding an ATV correctly allows the operator to control the machine easily and react more quickly to changes in terrain and environment. Proper riding posture includes:
- head and eyes up, looking forward,
- shoulders relaxed, with elbows bent slightly,
- hands on the handlebars,
- knees in toward the gas tank,
- feet on the footrests, toes pointing straight ahead, and
- back straight but not tense.
- To turn an ATV, keep most of your body weight on the outside foot peg and lean your upper body into the turn. Never lower your foot to the ground for stability as it could cause ejection if foot is caught by the tire.
- When climbing hills, shift your body weight forward to keep the front wheels on the ground.
- If stopped while going uphill, do not apply the rear brake only. Apply equal pressure to both front and rear brakes, but never only to the rear brake. Get off the machine and turn it around to proceed down the hill.
- When going downhill, keep the engine running and in low gear, apply both front and rear brakes with even pressure and avoid sharp turns. Slide body forward on seat towards gas tank, keeping body weight back by leaning backwards. This will help keep weight on back wheels and lessen the potential to flip the ATV over forward.
- Avoid sidehill situations. When they are unavoidable, lean into the hill.
- When carrying a load uphill, if possible, place load on the front of the ATV to help keep the front end of the ATV from flipping over. If going downhill, place load on back of ATV to help keep the ATV from flipping over forward. If loads cannot be adjusted, try to equalize the load on front and back if possible. Drip torches should be mounted on back.
- Only operate an ATV under the conditions for which you have been trained, qualified for, and have experience riding.
- As a last resort to avoid an impending collision, roll off the vehicle and kick yourself free of it.
Vehicles - Roads
Page Last Modified / Reviewed:
- 10 & 18 Poster, PMS 110-18
- 10 Standard Firefighting Orders, PMS 110
- 18 Watch Out Situations, PMS 118
- Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book)
- NWCG Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
- NWCG Standards for Helicopter Operations, PMS 510
- RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
- Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center
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