ATV – Safety
The use of ATVs for wildland fire suppression and prescribed fire operations has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Note: Several agencies have required training for ATV operations (check your agency’s requirements).
Most injuries associated with ATVs occur when:
- Driver loses control (When the operator encounters a change of terrain or swerves to avoid an obstacle, it causes an abrupt change of balance and loss of control.),
- Vehicle rolls over,
- Driver or passenger is thrown off,
- Operator’s loss of attention to what, where, and how an ATV is being operated, or
- There is a collision with a fixed object.
Identified contributing factors to ATV accidents include:
- Rider is inexperienced,
- Excessive speed combined with rough terrain can create enough pitch and bounce to cause the operator to lose control of the vehicle,
- Lack of helmet use,
- ATV is improperly loaded, or load weight exceeds vehicle operation capacity, or
- Operator carries a passenger that affects the operator’s control and operation of the ATV.
Safety measures for ATV use include:
- Conduct pre-ride inspection which should include checking tires, throttle cable, front and rear brakes, lights and switches, oil and fuel, chain or driveshaft, and air filter. Clean out of weeds and other debris from around engine and other hot components, and check the chassis for any defects or wear.
- Single riders only. Injuries frequently occur to passengers; therefore, riding double should not be permitted.
- Always wear PPE – helmets, eye protection, and protective clothing. Appropriate helmets are those designed for motorcycle use (not firefighting) and should include safety visors/face shields, goggles, or safety glasses for eye protection.
- Use headlights to improve visibility by other vehicles.
- Maintain speeds acceptable for riding conditions, especially over uneven terrain.
- Avoid traversing slopes.
- Mounted or towed loads should not exceed the manufacturer’s recommendation and should be properly mounted so that weight transfer does not affect the center of gravity of the machine – mounting a tank (e.g., drip torch) on the rear of the vehicle increases the chances for a rear turnover.
- Do not drive on public roads. Collisions with automobiles on public roads are the most common cause of fatal ATV accidents. It may be illegal to operate an ATV on public roads; check your state’s laws.
Incident Management Situation Report (IMSR)
Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
NWCG Standards for Helicopter Operations, PMS 510
RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book)
Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center
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