Escape Routes 3
Continued from: Escape Routes Part 2
A primary objective of every operational fire plan is to keep firefighters out of entrapment situations. However, firefighters must always be prepared to escape quickly to a safety zone or deployment area. Consider the following while discussing escape from possible entrapment.
Have a plan that includes trigger points.
- Trigger Point: An observable event that triggers a pre-determined action.
Example: If the temperature reaches 98 °F and relative humidity (RH) goes into single digits, the crew will follow the established escape route to the safety zone.
Reassess escape routes throughout the operational period.
- Does access to escape routes become more difficult as the day progresses?
- Do you have more than one escape route?
- Are all escape routes clearly marked?
- Are all firefighters familiar with the escape routes?
During an escape, time will be short. Describe considerations in this situation such as:
- Maintain all critical equipment such as personal protective equipment (PPE) and radio. Discard gear that will not aid in your escape.
- Maintain contact with all other crewmembers.
Describe a good safety zone. How is that different from a deployment area?
You should always know the location of your escape routes leading to safety zones and deployment areas.
Also see: Escape Routes Part 1 (Take 5@2)
Incident Management Situation Report (IMSR)
Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG), PMS 461
NWCG Standards for Helicopter Operations, PMS 510
RT-130, Wildland Fire Safety Training Annual Refresher (WFSTAR)
Interagency Standards for Fire and Fire Aviation Operations (Red Book)
Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center
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